SWEFTA Field Target Rules

SOUTH WEST ENGLAND FIELD TARGET ASSOCIATION
Field Target Class

2012 Rules

(Regional Rules & Guidance Notes)
(accepted at 2011 AGM (18-11-2011) for immediate adoption)

1) AIRGUNS
Open to any air rifle that abides by the relevant categories as defined within the current legislation. It is the responsibility of the individual owner to ensure that their rifle complies with all statutory limits.

Equipment Testing

The organisers reserve the right to chronograph any rifle or pistol used at any competition that is subject to SWEFTA Rules, to ensure compliance with legal requirements.

All Guns Used in the Competition Must Be Tested

PLEASE NOTE:
We are not testing to ensure UK legal compliance, that is each individuals responsibility.
We are testing to ensure compliance with SWEFTA rules.

After purchase of the scorecard each competitor will chronograph their gun prior to commencement of the competition.

The pellet speed & weight will be marked on the reverse of the scorecard in the space provided, failure to do so before commencing the competition, will result in the score being declared VOID (Zero Points);
i.e. if your scorecard is checked by the Chief Marshall during the competition and found to be not filled in with the velocity & pellet weight, this will result in the score being declared VOID (Zero Points).

A competitor may test their rifle before the official test and adjust the rifle so it complies with SWEFTA regulations, if necessary.
Therefore the competitor must indicate to the Chronograph Marshall that they are checking the rifle before before the OFFICAL TEST otherwise that will be declared the Official Test.

The competitor may then proceed to have the Official TEST and the result of that test must be entered on the reverse of the scorecard in the space provided.

(a) SWEFTA has declared a maximum pellet speed of 5fps below the 12 ft/lbs limit for rifles;
This is for the actual pellet being used by the competitor on the day.

5fps below 6 ft/lbs will apply to pistols.

Below Chart specifies acceptable velocities of SWEFTA Legal Limit (in green)

Pellet Weight Current Legal Limit SWEFTA Legal Limit
7.3 grains 860 fps 855 fps
7.9 grains 827 fps 822 fps
8.44 grains 800 fps 795 fps
10.33 grains 723 fps 718 fps
10.6 grains 714 fps 709 fps

(b) A minimum of one registering shot and a maximum of three registering shots will be allowed over the chronograph. One pass under or on the SWEFTA required limit is considered adequate.

(c) No squeezing or deforming of the pellet skirt or head is allowed.

(d) No Power adjustment’s are permitted once the competitor has started the competition.

(e) Failure of the gun to comply with (a) above, will disqualify that gun for the whole event. Any competitor whose gun fails the chronograph test will have their card marked as void.
The competitor may use another gun that passes the chronograph test.

There will be no limitation on the design of the rifle. The rifle may be fitted with a fully adjustable stock or incorporate such home made or other after market modifications as deemed suitable by its owner. A single rifle sling, separate or otherwise, and/or a butt hook are permitted as a means of steadying the aim.

The use of bipods (or other devices that touch the ground) for supporting the rifle while taking a shot is not allowed. However they may be used for resting the rifle (with the muzzle facing in a safe direction) when not in use.

Where multi-shot magazine fed rifles are used, the magazine must be removed from the rifle between lanes. Rifles that are fitted with non-detachable magazines should only be loaded with sufficient pellets to complete a lane. Failure to comply with this rule will result in disqualification.

2) SIGHTS
Any form of sighting system may be used. The use of a laser attached to a telescopic sight to give a low cost range finding system is permitted.

The use of separate electronic laser range finders is not allowed.

3) AMMUNITION
Any design of pellet that is completely made of lead or lead alloy may be used. Pellets made from other materials may be used provided that there is no risk from rebounds, ricochets or fragments returning to the firing line. Due to the risk from rebounds steel ammunition must not be used.

4) RANGE OFFICERS & CHIEF MARSHALL
Event organisers (clubs or region) are expected to and will provide range officers (R.O.’s) & a CHIEF MARSHALL to ensure safe and efficient running of the event. The R.O’s should be clearly identifiable by the use of armbands or high-visibility vests.
In the event of target related problems or any other down range problem the R.O. will signal a cease-fire by a single blast on a whistle, horn or similar audible device. An R.O. may request assistance from any person on the firing line to ensure rapid clearance of any problem encountered. When the problem has been rectified, the firing line will be reactivated by a double blast of a whistle or other audible device.

R.O.’s shall ensure that rules are observed and shall have absolute discretion in attending to any matter not specifically encompassed by these rules (or the guidance notes).

5) MARSHALLING
The normal marshalling system shall be the “buddy” type where partners score each other. Normally this will be based on pairs, however should circumstances dictate, groups of three can be allowed.

Competitors will find different partners from match to match. Partners shall be from different clubs. An exception will be allowed where a junior is partnered with a parent or guardian to fulfil the legal requirement of supervision by an appropriate person of over 21 years of age. Supervision of shooters who are under 18 years of age will be in accordance with current legal requirements (a shooting partner in competition does not necessarily constitute supervision of a shooter under 14 years of age).

Exceptions to the above must be cleared by the range officer.

6) TARGETS
Reactive targets shall be used. In this context the term reactive means that following a successful hit the target will give some visible indication, whereby a change in target profile, movement of the target or fall of the target occurs. The trip plate shall be of a contrasting colour to the faceplate (course builders should allow for shooters affected by colour blindness or other visual impairment). Target kill zones must be circular, clear and unobstructed.
The trip plate shall be of a contrasting colour to the faceplate

Standard apertures shall not be less than 1½ inches (38mm) nor exceed 1¾ inches (45 mm) in diameter. The minimum distance for any target (for safety reasons) shall be 8 yards (7.3 metres). The maximum target distance shall be 55 yards (50.3 metres).

The course may also contain targets with reduced diameter apertures, provided that the total number of such targets does not exceed 40% of the total number of targets in the course with the following limitations:

  • a) Apertures of not less than 1 inch (25.4mm) may be used on freestyle targets to a maximum distance of 45 yards (41.1 metres).
  • b) Apertures of not less than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) may be used on freestyle targets to a maximum distance of 25 yards (22.9 metres).
  • c) Apertures of 1 inch (25.4mm) may be used on positional targets to a maximum distance of 20 yards (18.3 metres).
  • d) No reduced apertures are permitted on any targets over 45 yards in distance.
  • e) Apertures smaller than ½ inch (12.7mm) are prohibited.
  • f) The number of ½ inch apertures shall be less than the number of 1 inch apertures.

Note: Course designers should bear in mind prevalent conditions when using small aperture targets. A maximum of 40% of reduced targets, should allow effective use of most areas of land where the number of distant targets is restricted due to lack of space, while allowing good usage of close terrain without making courses too easy or placing too much emphasis on the need for high price range finding scopes.

7) COURSE OF FIRE
A full course of fire shall consist of not less than 25 targets. A full course of fire must be completed for a score to be deemed valid excepting any circumstance under Rule 12 (Leaving the firing line).

The number of standing shots in any one course is not to exceed 10% of the total number of targets in that course. Standing targets are not permitted beyond a maximum distance of 45 yards.

The number of kneeling shots in any one course is not to exceed 10% of the total number of shots in that course. Kneeling targets are not permitted beyond a maximum distance of 45 yards.

All shots must be taken from within a designated firing area.
All targets shall be clearly numbered and must be shot in numerical order.
In the case of lanes comprising mixed freestyle and positionals the shooter may elect to take the positionals last but must inform his marker beforehand.

In the event of a target being shot out of sequence, the competitor shall forfeit the omitted target, being credited with a ‘miss’ and resume shooting at the target immediately following it.
Out of sequence shots involving targets on another lane require the above procedure to be followed. In this case the target shot out of sequence shall be shot as normal upon reaching that lane.
Shots taken at any one lane should not exceed the total number of targets in that lane with the following exceptions:
1. Rule 8. Paragraph 2 (rectification of faulty targets).

  • 2. Un-sighted shots with the knowledge of partner or R.O’s.
  • 3. In a shoot-off situation.

8) SCORING
Scoring shall be on the basis of one point for each hit and zero for a miss. A hit shall be awarded when the faceplate falls and requires resetting. If there is no visible reaction from the target a miss shall be scored. Hits shall be marked with an X and misses marked with a 0.
Any challenge to the above must be made prior to leaving the target. Any dispute not resolved at that time shall be referred to the R.O., whose decision shall be final. Any target found to be defective shall be repaired / replaced and re-shot. However, if upon examination, the trip plate has moved to a point where it has to be reset, the target shall be scored as a hit.
In the event of tied scores a count back of designated eliminator targets shall decide the final placings. In the event that scores remain tied a shoot-off may be used to decide positions. Shoot off targets to be decided by the event organiser.
It is compulsory to hand in scorecards, regardless of whether the full course of fire has been completed or not. The only exceptions to this are if for medical reasons, the competitor is no longer able to continue. Or if, due to mechanical breakdown it is not longer possible for a competitor’s rifle to be discharged. Shooters not handing in their cards will be credited with 1 hit.

Cards when handed in must be marked in ink, not pencil. Any mistakes, such as marking the wrong target or the wrong card, shall be corrected in such a way that the original mistake is still clear to be seen, but leaving no doubt as to the correct marking. Alterations should be witnessed by a third party signing adjacent to the correction.

Defaced cards, or cards that prevent proper audit of corrections will be treated as not handed in and credited with 1 hit.

9) SHOOTING 
Any shooting position is allowed ‘FREESTYLE’, but some targets or lanes may be designated as ‘standing’, or ‘kneeling’. The prone position is not considered as a designated position (this does not prevent a competitor from using the prone position on freestyle targets).
(i) shall not gain extra support by resting their feet against any post, tree or similar adjacent object or structure on or around the course. Equally, the competitors back must not rest against any support that is not part of the competitors seat (bean bag, sit mat)
(ii) No bags to be used in the prone position for resting rifle or the forearm.
(b) A competitor shall make it known to the event organiser (Chief Marshall) prior to shooting if they are unable, for whatever reason, to comply with a particular shooting position and obtain permission to use an alternative position provided no unfair advantage is gained.

  • (i) The BFTA disabled positions for ‘standing’ & ‘kneeling’ shots, should be the first special arrangement adopted, if these are unsuitable, then an alternative that gives no special advantage should be found. This should then be indicated on on the reverse of the scorecard in the box provided.

(ii) Other Marshals shall be made aware of any special arrangements with a competitor.
Any type of clothing, glove, or footwear is allowed provided it is not a hazard to the shooter or other competitors.
The use of a seat is allowed; the maximum height for any form of seating is 4 inches (100 mm), including any backrest. The seat may be used as an aid to sitting or kneeling shots. Variations on this rule may be applied at the discretion of the event organiser in recognition of a competitor’s disability, providing that no unfair advantage is gained.
Definitions of shooting positions:

Freestyle: This can encompass the sitting and prone positions. No part of the rifle or any attachment may touch the ground or artificial / natural features for support. In the prone position the supporting arm forward of the elbow may not touch the ground or any object for support. Use of a sling is deemed acceptable.
Kneeling: There shall be only 3 points of contact with the ground (2 feet and 1 knee). The fore-end of the rifle must be supported by the weak hand, which in turn may not rest directly on the knee. A legal seat may be used to support the rear foot or ankle, or to keep the knee clean provided that the foot has contact with the ground 
Standing: Any shot taken in a standing position without the aid of any support other than a sling if the competitor wishes to use one.
10) TIMING
In the event of a competitor delaying excessively, the R.O. may time the lane, with the time starting when the eye is put to the sight. The time will be continuous, with the number of minutes allowed equating to the number of targets in that lane.
If the total time in minutes exceeds the number of targets on a lane, the competitor will forfeit any successful hit obtained after the expiry of the allotted time.
11) PENALTIES
The penalty for un-safe practice or any form of cheating is disqualification, with the club or regional association reserving the right to take further action.

12) LEAVING THE FIRING LINE
The competitors may leave the firing line under the following conditions
1. Voluntary abandonment of the shoot, in which case his score to that point will be presented as a valid result.
2. To effect a repair to equipment which has been rendered unsafe or incapable of firing a shot by whatever means. This does not include zero shift of optical equipment or poorly zeroed systems, an exception to this being should a rifle take a fall or severe knock on the firing line (e.g. by failure of sling or similar).
3. Any other occurrence, which is deemed valid by the R.O.’s (e.g. extreme weather conditions that may cause a safety hazard).
Note: In item 2, the R.O. can allow a competitor to replace the faulty part or equipment, but no visit to the zeroing range is allowed, unless permission is given by the R.O.

13) RANGE CONDUCT
In the event of a ‘cease fire’ order, guns will be discharged into the ground, the muzzles dropped and actions left in the open position. Targets must not be sighted during a cease-fire. Guns will only be sighted, shouldered or discharged over a recognised firing line. Guns will always be kept un-loaded and un-cocked when not in use.

14) CLASSES
Classes of entry per the grading system as operated by the national association may be used. Shooters may elect to shoot in a higher grade. This will not affect their listed grading. Other classes may be used at the discretion of the organiser, details of which to be circulated in advance of the event.

Newcomers to SWEFTA will be placed in C grade. After they have completed three league shoots their grade will be re-assessed by the Results Sec and the Comp Sec, and a new grade confirmed for the remainder of the season. If the person moves from C grade to another grade at this time, their scores to date will move with them.

14A) PISTON CLASS. 
This class includes all piston operated air rifles, including sliding action, and contra piston systems.

14B) 
SHOOTING MORE THAN ONE CLASS.
Shooters can enter both PCP and Piston classes, but competitors who do so can enter their score for grading and team positions for one class only; this must be nominated on the scorecardwhen booking in, and shot first. The second round score counts for the day only.
15) INTOXICATING SUBSTANCES
The possession and/or consumption of any intoxicating substance (alcohol or illegal drugs) on the firing line is strictly prohibited. A competitor will not be permitted to handle or use a gun if the organiser discovers that they have consumed alcohol or illegal drugs prior to shooting, and will be asked to leave the club premises. The club and/or region reserve the right to pursue further action following any such misconduct.

16) INSURANCE AND RULES 
Event organisers shall display a current and valid Certificate of Insurance and also a current copy of the regional rules.

17) SCORES 
Scores shot for the season by individuals who hold a current  BFTA registration card will be sent (by request only) to the BFTA grading secretary for national grading purposes as well as being used for their SWEFTA regional grading. Scores gained by those who are not BFTA card holders will be retained for SWEFTA regional grading purposes only.
Effectively this means:
1. The shooter has to inform the Scores Sec that they want their scores submitted for national grading.
2. The shooter accepts that ALL the league scores FOR THE YEAR will be submitted, shooters cannot ‘select’ shoots.
3. The shooter has to hold or have applied for, a current BFTA registration card.

18) ENTRY
Last entry into any competition will be accepted at 12.00 noon. Scorecards must be submitted back to the organisers by 3.30pm to be considered valid for the day’s competition. Any cards submitted after that time will void.
Guidance notes.
The SWEFTA league season normally consists of one league shoot at each member club’s home ground, plus a number of other shoots such as the Showdown, the Trophy shoot, and the WAFTA challenge.
It is a requirement that all shoots which are run to SWEFTA rules must include courses that comply with the above rules in their entirety.
In the case of the league, very few shooters can find time to take part in all shoots. League scores are based on the best six results for each shooter, to allow for this. This also implies an advantage to those who do take part in all the shoots as they can discard their three worst scores. That makes it important that all league courses should ideally be laid out to a standard or normal level of difficulty.
For example, the rules do not require any reduced apertures at all, and a course of 32 freestyle targets at 55 yards plus eight positionals at 45 yards would technically be allowed. However, it is hoped that course designers can see that this is quite likely to be unpopular. Likewise, a course with nine 1 inch apertures at 45 yards and seven ½ inch apertures at 25 yards would also be technically legal but could lead to complaints.
Course designers are asked to recognise that most shooters simply want to have an enjoyable day’s shooting, with a fair chance of achieving a score that is appropriate to their grade and position. The rules provide enough flexibility to allow a wide variation of course layout from venue to venue yet at the same time achieve a reasonably consistent level of challenge.
Clubs can of course set out their home grounds to whatever layout and rules suits them for domestic purposes, but for SWEFTA events the above rules must prevail.